Donald Trump is the first current or former president in US history to face criminal charges, and with his third presidential bid under way for 2024, the stakes are high for both him and the country.
Catch up on what you need to know about Trump’s four indictments, including key evidence, charges and what’s next in the legal process.
Trump was first indicted in March 2023 by the Manhattan district attorney on state charges related to a hush-money payment to an adult-film star in 2016. Prosecutors allege Trump was a part of an illegal conspiracy to undermine the integrity of the 2016 election. Further, they allege he was part of an unlawful plan to suppress negative information, including the $130,000 payment. Trump has pleaded not guilty.
A $130,000 payment made by Trump’s then-personal attorney Michael Cohen to Stormy Daniels in late October 2016.
Trump was indicted in June 2023 by a federal grand jury in Miami for taking classified national defense documents from the White House after he left office and resisting the government’s attempts to retrieve the materials. Both Trump and his aide Walt Nauta have pleaded not guilty.
On July 27, the special counsel charged Trump with three new counts, including one additional count of willful retention of national defense information. Nauta was also charged on two new counts. A third defendant, Carlos de Oliveira, was added to the case and charged with four counts, including being added to the obstruction conspiracy charged in the original indictment.
- Recording of Trump discussing holding secret documents he did not declassify
- About 100 classified documents found in a FBI search of Mar-a-Lago in August
- Surveillance footage turned over to the Justice Department that allegedly shows Nauta and De Oliveira moving document boxes around the resort
Trump’s third indictment is a result of special counsel Jack Smith’s investigation into alleged efforts by the former president and his allies to overturn the 2020 election. The indictment alleges Trump and a co-conspirator “attempted to exploit the violence and chaos at the Capitol by calling lawmakers to convince them … to delay the certification” of the election. It also alleges another co-conspirator pushed then-Vice President Mike Pence to “violate the law” to delay President Joe Biden’s victory. The Trump campaign released a statement shortly after the indictment denying the allegations. Trump pleaded not guilty to all four counts.
The charging documents repeatedly reference six co-conspirators, but as is common practice, their identities are withheld because they have not been charged with any crimes. However, based on quotes in the indictment and other context, CNN can identify five of the six co-conspirators below.
Judge Tanya Chutkan scheduled the trial to begin on March 4, 2024, the day before voters in more than a dozen states will cast their primary ballots.
- A January 2, 2021, phone call between then-President Donald Trump and Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger, where Trump “lied” in an attempt “to induce him” to overturn the election and find the exact number of votes to flip his defeat in Georgia, prosecutors said in the indictment.
An Atlanta-based grand jury on August 14 indicted Trump and 18 others on state charges stemming from their alleged efforts to overturn the former president’s 2020 electoral defeat.
The historic indictment is the fourth criminal case that Trump is facing. The charges, brought in a sweeping investigation led by Fulton County District Attorney Fani Willis, cover some of the most overt efforts by the former president and his allies to meddle in the 2020 presidential election. Unlike the election subversion charges brought by special counsel Jack Smith, Willis’ case will be insulated if Trump is reelected in 2024; he will not be able to pardon himself or his allies of any state law convictions, nor will he be able to dismiss the Fulton County prosecutors bringing the charges.
- The indictment document includes Trump’s notorious phone call with Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger when he asked Raffensperger to “find” the votes he needed to win the state, the fake elector scheme and a September 2021 letter he sent to Raffensperger again urging him to decertify the state’s 2020 vote.
- CNN has previously reported that surveillance video, text messages and other communications unearthed during a civil case provided essential evidence for prosecutors investigating efforts by Trump and his allies to overturn the 2020 election results in Georgia.
Trump and 18 of his allies were indicted in Georgia on 41 state charges. Here’s a full guide to who’s who in the investigation.